The plural of alveolus. Tiny air sacs within the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
A minimally invasive surgical operation to repair a damaged joint.
The plural of bronchus. The major air passage ways of the lungs, especially the two main branches of the trachea.
A narrow tube inserted into a body cavity, used to drain fluid or administer medication.
The insertion of a cannula into a body cavity, such as a blood vessel.
Preserving cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing.
Freezing (usually with liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted or diseased tissue.
Freezing (usually with liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted or diseased tissue
This muscle at the base of the lungs that contracts during inhalation and relaxes during exhalation.
Visual examination of the interior of the body using an endoscope, a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing at one end. A type of minimally invasive surgery.
A tube to aid breathing, placed through the patient’s nose or mouth, into the trachea.
Life-threatening inadequate oxygen supply to the cells and tissues of the body.
Insufficient oxygen supply to the cells and tissues of the body. Not immediately life threatening.
A gas that is blown into a body cavity to enlarge it, for example to enable minimally invasive surgery.
Visual examination of the interior of the abdomen using a laparoscope, a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing at one end. A type of minimally invasive surgery.
Minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) of inhaled anaesthetic at first eye opening in response to a verbal command during recovery from anaesthesia.
Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of inhaled anaesthetic that prevents movement during initial surgical incision.
The ‘windpipe’ that connects the base of the throat with the lungs.